What is an Appellate Court?
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There are two court systems. There’s the federal court system and there’s the Florida state courts. Florida, generally there’s the trial courts, intermediate appellate courts, and then there’s the supreme courts, either the U.S. Supreme Court, or the Florida Supreme Court. The trial court is what most people are familiar with. That’s where trials occur, that’s if there’s going to be a jury, that’s where the jury sits, that’s where witnesses come and testify.
After there’s a trial, generally somebody is unhappy because one side wins and one side loses. So, frequently one side will decide if there was some mistake made at trial, and they will take what is called an appeal to the intermediate appellate court, and at that point, you would file a brief, you would file notices of appeal and you would file briefs with the appellate court, and you would explain your position—what are the legal arguments that support what mistake was made.